Moscow is now over 850 years old. For the first time
it appeared in the chronicle under 1147 during the reign of Russian prince Yuri
Dolgoruky. And in the second half of the 15th century Moscow became the capital
of Russian state.
Kremlin is a historical center of Moscow, one of the most
beautiful architectural ensembles of the city. The clock on the Kremlin tower
facing the Red square are symbolic to Russians as they start every New Year in
the country. Kremlin Wall with its 20 towers encircles beautiful cathedrals
Blagoveshchensky, Uspensky and Arkhangelsky, Granovitaya Chamber, Bell Tower
"Ivan the Great", palaces, chambers, museums (including well-known Armory
Chamber), enormous "Tsar-Cannon" and "Tsar-Bell".
Red Square is the main
square of the city. It is famous for imposing reviews, Lenin's Mausoleum, the
cemetery with the graves of statesmen buried during the Soviet period,
incomparable St. Bassil's Cathedral built during the reign of Ivan the 4th
Terrible, buildings of the Historical Museum and the State Supermarket
Zariadye - Varvarka street. The outdoor Architectural Museum is
situated here, the ensemble of Znamensky Monastery (17century), the English
Court (15 -17century), the part of Kitaygorod Wall.
In the Pushkin Museum of
Fine Arts there is the Russia's second largest (after the Hermitage in St.
Petersburg) collection of foreign art from ancient times and up to
The Andrei Rubliov Ancient Art Museum is the depository of the unique
pieces of Ancient Russia icon painters.
In the Tretyakov Gallery one may
enjoy the largest collection of the native fine arts.
You can't tell that
you've really seen Moscow if you haven't visited some of the magnificent
convents and monasteries such as Novodevichy Convent (XVI-XVII c.), St. Daniil
Monastery (the Residence of Moscow Patriarch), the cherished village
Kolomenskoye (the Ascension Temple of 1532, the Tsar Peter's the First Cottage,
collection of Russian tiles).
Streets Varvarka and Myasnitskaya with "Russian
baroque" buildings which are famous all over the world, Arbat street (so
called coroner vessel of the country) which still remembers Krymsky Khan
and Napoleon, the great Pushkin, Skryabin and Denis Davydov.