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Nizhny Novgorod City Guide

Novgorod is one of the most ancient Russian cities. It is known since 859 A.D. and from the end of the 10th century it has been the second important city in the the ancient Slavic state. Located on the link of the main trade routs coming from Siberia to the Central parts of Russia, Novgorod soon became prosperous trade and cultural center. It was also the center of literacy of that period. Many ancient manuscripts were found there. One of the main Russian ancient Art Schools of the 12 - 16th centuries was also in Novgorod (see russian art ). The city became the part of Russian Empire since 1478. From the beginning of the 18th century, after St. Petersburg had appeared on the banks of the Neva river, Novgorod was becoming less and less important.

There are many ancient monuments in Novgorod which are very famous. the most fascinating and interesting are the ancient Kremlin and Sophia Cathedral (1045-50). The monument to the 1000th Anniversary of Russia is also worth seeing.

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