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World War 2 timeline - T34

World War II timeline


Jump to the war timeline:
1939   1940   1941   1942   1943   1944   1945


Pre-War History

1933

Jan 30 - Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany.

Feb 27 - The Reichstag burns.

March 12 - First concentration camp opened at Oranienburg outside Berlin.

March 23 - Enabling Act gives Hitler dictatorial power.

April 1 - Nazi boycott of Jewish owned shops.

May 10 - Nazis burn books in Germany.

July 14 - Nazi party declared only party in Germany.

Oct 14 - Germany quits the League of Nations.


1934

Aug 19 - Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany.


1935

March 16 - Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by introducing military conscription.

Sept 15 - German Jews stripped of rights by Nuremberg Race Laws.


1936

Feb 10 - The German Gestapo is placed above the law.

March 7 - German troops occupy the Rhineland.

May 9 - Mussolini's Italian forces take Ethiopia.

July 18 - Civil war erupts in Spain.

Aug 1 - Olympic games begin in Berlin.

Oct 1 - Franco declared head of Spanish State


1937

June 11 - Soviet leader Stalin begins a purge of Red Army generals.

Nov 5 - Hitler reveals war plans during Hossbach Conference.


1938

March 12-13 - Germany announces 'Anschluss' (union) with Austria.

Aug 12 - German military mobilizes.

Sept 30 - British Prime Minister Chamberlain appeases Hitler at Munich.

Oct 15 - German troops occupy the Sudetenland; Czech government resigns.

Nov 9/10 - Kristallnacht - The Night of Broken Glass.


War In Europe

1939

March 15-16 - Nazis take Czechoslovakia.

March 28 - Spanish Civil war ends.

May 22 - Nazis sign 'Pact of Steel' with Italy.

Aug 23 - Nazis and Soviet Union sign Non-Aggression Pact in Moscow, dividing control over Eastern Europe.

Aug 25 - Britain and Poland sign a Mutual Assistance Treaty.

Aug 31 - British fleet mobilizes; Civilian evacuations begin from London.

Sept 1 - Nazis invade Poland.

Sept 3 - Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declare war on Germany.

Sept 4 - British Royal Air Force attacks the German Navy.

Sept 5 - United States proclaims neutrality; German troops cross the Vistula River in Poland.

Sept 10 - Canada declares war on Germany; Battle of the Atlantic begins.

Sept 17 - Soviet Union retakes part of Poland that later becomes Western Ukraine and Western Belarus.

Sept 27 - Warsaw surrenders to Nazis; Reinhard Heydrich becomes the leader of new Reich Main Security Office (RSHA).

Nov 30 - Soviet Union attacks Finland.

Dec 14 - Soviet Union expelled from the League of Nations.


1940

March 12 - Finland signs a peace treaty with the Soviet Union.

April 9 - Nazis invade Denmark and Norway.

Between May and June - Wehrmacht begins Blitzkrieg - fast offensive to take over Europe.

May 10 - Nazis invade France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands; Winston Churchill becomes British Prime Minister.

May 15 - Holland surrenders to the Nazis.

May 26 - Evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk begins.

May 28 - Belgium surrenders to the Nazis.

June 3 - Germans bomb Paris; Dunkirk evacuation ends.

June 10 - Norway surrenders to the Nazis; Italy declares war on Britain and France.

June 14 - Germans enter Paris.

June 16 - Marshal Pétain becomes French Prime Minister.

June 18 - Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich; Soviet Union moves into Bessarabia and the Baltic States.

June 22 - France signs an armistice with the Nazis.

June 23 - Hitler tours Paris.

July 1 - German U-boats attack merchant ships in the Atlantic.

July 10 - Battle of Britain begins.

July 23 - The Soviet Union announces Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia as part of the USSR.

Aug-Dec - German bombing offensive against airfields, factories in England, and later the city of London.

Sept 13 - Italians invade Egypt.

Sept 27 - Tripartite (Axis) Pact signed by Germany, Italy and Japan.

Oct 7 - German troops enter Romania.

Oct 28 - Italy invades Greece.

Nov 20 - Hungary joins the Axis Powers.

Nov 22 - Greeks defeat the Italian 9th Army.

Nov 23 - Romania joins the Axis Powers.


1941

In January - Stalin appoints Georgi Zhukov the chief of the Red Army General staff.

March 27 - A coup in Yugoslavia overthrows the pro-Axis government.

April 6 - Nazis invade Greece and Yugoslavia.

April 17 - Yugoslavia surrenders to the Nazis.

April 27 - Greece surrenders to the Nazis.

June 1941 - Zhukov is replaced by Marshal Boris Shaposhnikov.

Germany attacks Soviet Union

June 22 - Germany attacks Soviet Union as Operation Barbarossa begins.

June 28 - Germans capture Minsk.

July 7 - GKO, Soviet State Defense Committee, desides to employ petrol grenades as anti-tank weapons. Molotov Cocktail is born.

July 10 - Germans cross the River Dnieper in the Ukraine.

July 12 - Mutual Assistance agreement between British and the Soviet Union.

July 14 - British occupy Syria

Aug 20 - Nazi siege of Leningrad begins.

Sept 19 - Nazis take Kiev.

Sept 29 - Nazis murder 33,771 Jews at Kiev.

In October - Stalin appoints Zhukov as a commander of the Central Front to defend Moscow, replacing Semyon Timoshenko.

Oct 2 - Operation Typhoon begins - German advance on Moscow through Bryansk and Vyazma.

Oct 16 - Germans take Odessa.

Oct 24 - Germans take Kharkov.

Oct 30 - Germans reach Sevastopol.

In November - Stalin appoints a new army leader - Aleksandr Vasilievsky replaces Shaposhnikov.

Nov 20 - Germans take Rostov.

Nov 27 - Soviet troops retake Rostov.

Dec 4-5 - German attack on Moscow is abandoned due to massive german casualties.

Dec 6 - Soviet Army launches a major counter-offensive around Moscow.

Dec 7 - Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor; Hitler issues the Night and Fog decree.

Dec 8 - United States and Britain declare war on Japan.

Dec 11 - Germany declares war on the United States.

Dec 19 - Hitler takes complete command of the German Army.


1942

May 8 - German summer offensive begins in the Crimea.

In June - Mass murder of Jews by gassing begins at Auschwitz.

June 5 - Germans besiege Sevastopol.

July 3 - Germans take Sevastopol.

July 5 - Soviet resistance in the Crimea ends.

July 9 - Germans begin a drive toward Stalingrad in the USSR to take over oil and natural resources of Caucases.

Aug 12 - Stalin and Churchill meet in Moscow.

Aug 17 - First all-American air attack in Europe.

Aug 23 - Massive German air raid on Stalingrad.

Sept 13 - Battle of Stalingrad begins.

Nov 19 - Soviet counter-offensive at Stalingrad begins.

Dec 2 - Professor Enrico Fermi sets up an atomic reactor in Chicago.

Dec 16 - Italian troops defeated on the River Don in the USSR.

Dec 31 - Battle of the Barents Sea between German and British ships.


1943

Jan 2-3 - Germans begin a withdrawal from the Caucasus.

Jan 10 - Soviet Army begins an offensive against the Germans in Stalingrad.

Jan 14-24 - Casablanca conference between Churchill and Roosevelt.

Feb 2 - Germans surrender at Stalingrad in the first big defeat of Hitler's armies.

Feb 8 - Soviet troops take Kursk.

Feb 16 - Soviets re-take Kharkov.

March 2 - Germans begin a withdrawal from Tunisia, Africa in order to supply reserves to armies in Russia.

March 15 - Germans re-capture Kharkov.

March 16-20 - Battle of Atlantic climaxes with 27 merchant ships sunk by German U-boats.

July 5 - Germans begin their last offensive against Kursk.

July 9-10 - Allies land in Sicily.

July 25-26 - Mussolini arrested and the Italian Fascist government falls.

Aug 23, 1943 - Soviet troops recapture Kharkov.

Sept 8, 1943 - Italian surrender is announced.

In September - Germans occupy Rome. Mussolini re-establishes a Fascist government in Italy.

Oct 13 - Italy declares war on Germany;

Nov 6 - Russians recapture Kiev in the Ukraine.

Dec 24-26 - Soviets launch offensives on the Ukrainian front.


Liberation of Europe

1944

Jan 6 - Soviet troops advance into Poland.

Jan 27 - Leningrad relieved after a 900-day siege.

March 4 - Soviet troops begin an offensive on the Belorussian front

April 8 - Soviet troops begin an offensive to liberate Crimea.

May 9 - Soviet troops recapture Sevastopol.

May 12 - Germans surrender in the Crimea.

May 15 - Germans withdraw to the Adolf Hitler Line.

June 5 - Allies enter Rome.

June 6 - D-Day - US troops land in Normandy, France.

June 9 - Soviet offensive against the Finnish front begins.

June 22 - Operation Bagration begins (the Soviet summer offensive).

July 3 - Soviet Army captures Minsk; 'Battle of the Hedgerows' in Normandy.

July 9 - British and Canadian troops capture Caen.

July 24 - Soviet troops liberate first concentration camp at Majdanek.

July 28 - Soviet troops take Brest-Litovsk. U.S. troops take Coutances.

Aug 1 - Polish Home Army uprising against Nazis in Warsaw begins;

Aug 15 - Operation Dragoon begins (the Allied invasion of Southern France).

Aug 19 - Resistance uprising in Paris.

Aug 19-20 - Soviet offensive in the Balkans begins with an attack on Romania.

Aug 25 - Liberation of Paris.

Aug 29 - Slovak uprising begins.

Aug 31 - Soviet troops take Bucharest.

Sept 1-4 - Verdun, Dieppe, Artois, Rouen, Abbeville, Antwerp and Brussels liberated by Allies.

Sept 4 - Finland and the Soviet Union agree to a cease-fire.

Sept 13 - U.S. troops reach the Siegfried Line.

Sept 26 - Soviet troops liberate Estonia.

Oct 2 - Warsaw Uprising ends as the Polish Home Army surrenders to the Germans.

Oct 10-29 - Soviet troops capture Riga, Latvia.

Oct 14 - Allies liberate Athens

Oct 21 - Massive German surrender at Aachen.

Nov 20 - French troops drive through the 'Beffort Gap' to reach the Rhine.

Nov 24 - French capture Strasbourg.

Dec 4 - Civil War in Greece; Athens placed under martial law.

Dec 27 - Soviet troops liberate Budapest.


1945

Jan 1-17 - Germans withdraw from the Ardennes.

Jan 17 - Soviet troops capture Warsaw.

Jan 26 - Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz.

Feb 4-11 - Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin meet at Yalta.

Feb 13-14 - Dresden is destroyed by a firestorm after Allied bombing raids.

March 6 - Last German offensive of the war begins to defend oil fields in Hungary.

March 7 - Allies take Cologne and establish a bridge across the Rhine at Remagen.

March 30 - Soviet troops capture Danzig.

In April - Allies discover stolen Nazi art and wealth hidden in salt mines.

April 12 - President Roosevelt dies. Truman becomes President.

April 16 - Soviet troops begin their final attack on Berlin;

April 21 - Soviets reach Berlin.

April 28 - Mussolini is captured and hanged by Italian partisans; Allies take Venice.

April 30 - Adolf Hitler commits suicide.

May 2 - German troops in Italy surrender.

May 7 - Unconditional surrender of all German forces to Allies.

May 8 - V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.

May 9 - Official Victory Day in Russia.

June 5 - Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over the government.

June 26 - United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.

July 16 - First U.S. atomic bomb test; Potsdam Conference begins.

Aug 6 - First atomic bomb dropped, on Hiroshima, Japan.

Aug 8 - Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invade Manchuria.

Aug 9 - Second atomic bomb dropped, on Nagasaki, Japan.

Aug 14 - Japanese agree to unconditional surrender.

Sept 2 - Japanese sign the surrender agreement; V-J (Victory over Japan) Day.

Oct 24 - United Nations is officially born.

Nov 20 - Nuremberg war crimes trials begin.


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