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World War II Casualties

COUNTRYMILITARY CASUALTIESCIVILIAN CASUALTIESTOTAL
Soviet Union*8,668,00016,900,00025,568,000
China1,324,00010,000,00011,324,000
Germany3,250,0003,810,0007,060,000
Poland850,0006,000,0006,850,000
Japan1,506,000300,0001,806,000
Yugoslavia300,0001,400,0001,700,000
Romania*520,000465,000985,000
France*340,000470,000810,000
Austria380,000145,000525,000
Italy330,00080,000410,000
Great Britain326,00062,000388,000
USA295,000 295,000
Holland14,000236,000250,000
Belgium10,00075,00085,000
Finland79,000 79,000
Canada42,000 42,000
India***36,000 36,000
Australia29,000 29,000
Albania  28,000
Spain**12,00010,00022,000
Bulgaria19,0002,00021,000
New Zealand12,000 12,000
Norway6,0004,00010,000
South Africa9,000 9,000
Luxembourg  5,000
Denmark4,000 4,000
TOTAL18,361,00039,959,000   58,353,000


Notes:
  • The above table shows only deaths not wounded.
  • Figures are rounded to nearest 1000


  • The table above has been compiled from three sources:
    (1). Alan Bullock - Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives pp987
    (2). The Times Atlas of the Second World War pp204,205
    (3). Richard Overy - Russia's War pp288

    The highest estimate for each country was selected during compilation - in the case of ref.3 the figures for military deaths are given as recent official figures and the civilian deaths are those estimated from a 1996 study by B V Sokolov - although the author points out that an accurate figure is difficult to calculate. For instance, it is believed that Belarus lost 25% of its population.

    * The figures for these countries were very different in the three sources
    ** The military deaths for Spain, a neutral country during the war, are attributed to volunteers in the Axis (4500) and Allied (7500) armies. According to source 2, above, 10,000 Spaniards died in concentration camps. These figures may be very inaccurate and may be reviewed later.

    *** This table does not take into account the 3 million Indians who died due to famine in 1943.



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